Conflicting Hierarchy

organization - has to do with the arrangement of elements, placed specifically to convey relationships between them
proximity - has to do with the relationship of elements based on how close or far away they are form each other
hierarchy - is the order of importance given across multiple elements based on their placement, size, color, font, etc.

Ballot Fail

In Chapter 4 of Designing Information, Katz references the organization, proximity, and layout of the famous butterfly ballots used in the 2000 Presidential Election in Florida. They're attached here (along with the cartoon that nicely explains the fail).